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Why is it called Serrano hamSerrano ham is considered a premium ham that is at the top o...? What is its origin and what are its characteristics? How is it made? We have to start from one premise: when we refer to Serrano ham, we are talking about a food obtained from the salting and air-drying process of the hind legs of the white pigThe pig is a wonderful animal that is part of the famous Med.... At Enrique Tomás we provide answers to these and other questions.
Jamón Serrano can only come from white pigs. Therefore, the first thing to point out is that it should never be confused with Iberian ham, which comes from the Iberian breed of pig, native to the Iberian Peninsula and whose physical characteristics are very different from those of the white pig.
It is believed that the name “Jamón Serrano” is related to the place where the hamsHam is one of the star products of the Spanish gastronomy, a... were cured, i.e., in the mountains. The curing processWhen we talk about curing in gastronomy we are talking about... is an artisanal work that requires the experience and care of master jamonero and this work was -and is- carried out in the Spanish mountain ranges where the exact conditions of temperature and humidity that the hams need to be at their best are found.
Their diet is based on feed and cereals. The white pigThe white pig is a breed of pig, which apart from the Iberia... is usually raised in an intensive regime, that is, in farms.
The most common breeds are Duroc, Landrace, Large White or Pitrean.
They are found all over the world and, consequently, there are cured hams similar to the Serrano type (as for the exeption of elaboration and final taste) in other places, such as Prosciutto in Italy or Presumto in Portugal, for example. Thus, this animal needs neither a specific habitat nor a specific climate as does the Iberian pig, which is raised only in the Iberian Peninsula.
In the case of Jamón, in general, it must be at least 12 months, but in the case of our Jamón Gran Reserva, for example, it is 18 months, which makes it an exceptional type of Serrano ham on the palate and with a higher curing period than the norm.
The minimum recommended weight for a Jamón Serrano to be marketed is 7 kg.
Jamón Serrano is a product obtained from Iberian breed pigs and Serrano ham is obtained from white pigs. Both hams are obtained from the hind legs of the animal, but Iberian ham, unlike Serrano ham, can only be produced in Spain and Portugal for two reasons; firstly, Iberian pigsThe Iberian pig is an animal of the porcine breed, the name ... are only found in our peninsula and, secondly, only in these countries are there the necessary climatic conditions for Iberian ham to be produced as it is.
Another difference is the curing process. This salt curing, which requires a specific time, is usually twelve months for Serrano ham, although Enrique Tomás cures it for eighteen months, and for Iberian ham it is between thirty-six and forty-eight months, depending on the weight of the piece.
In terms of flavor, Iberian hams have a genetic peculiarity that no other animal on Earth has, they infiltrate the fat into the muscle and this, together with a specific diet and the exercise that the pig can do in the pasture when it is free, gives rise to a very juicy meat full of nuances and aromas. Serrano ham can come from various types of white pig breeds, including Landrace, Large white, Pietrain and sometimes Duroc. However, as the latter has the capacity to infiltrate fat into the muscle like the Iberian pig, breeders usually cross it with the Iberian pig to produce Iberian ham.
Find out more in: “Differences between Jamón Serrano and Jamón Ibérico” or in the following video:
Because it is a jamón selected following very exhaustive quality controls. In the curing process we maintain enough fat so that the jamón can be cured for 18 months, exceeding the curing time of the rest of the Serrano hams on the market. For Enrique Tomás, the process of care and pampering is the same in all its hams, whether Iberian or non-Iberian, so that the result is a tasty Jamón, of exceptional quality and one of the best on the market.
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